Millennium Development Report, 2013

Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability

Target 7.A: Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources

  • Forests are a safety net for the poor, but they continue to disappear at an alarming rate
  • Global greenhouse gas emissions resume their upward path, confirming an ominous trend and calling for bold action
  • Overexploitation of marine fish stocks is resulting in diminished yields

Target 7.B: Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss

More of the earth’s land and marine areas are under protection

  • Birds, mammals and other species are heading for extinction

Target 7.C: Halve by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation

  • More than 2.1 billion people have gained access to improved drinking water sources since 1990, exceeding the MDG target
  • Access to drinking water for the rural poor, along with water quality and safety,remain serious concerns
  • Over 240,000 people a day gained access to improved sanitation facilities from 1990 to 2011—impressive but not enough
  • Stopping open defecation and instituting the right policies are key to continued progress in sanitation

Target 7.D: By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers

  • Though the MDG target has been met,urbanization continues to outpace improvements in slum conditions
  • Lessons from countries that have tackled the multifaceted problems of urban slums may benefit other countries
Quick Facts
  • Global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) have increased by more than 46 per cent since 1990
  • Nearly one third of marine fish stocks have been overexploited
  • Many species are at risk of extinction, despite an increase in protected areas
  • More than 2.1 billion people and almost 1.9 billon people, respectively, have gained access to improved water sources and sanitation facilities since 1990
  • An estimated 863 million people reside in slums in the developing world
Goal 8: Develop A Global Partnership For Development

Target 8.A: Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system

  • The trade climate continues to improve for developing and least developed countries in terms of duty-free access
  • Average tariffs levied by developed countries continued to decline slightly for developing and least developed countries alike

Target 8.B and 8.c:Address the special needs of the least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States

  • Aid money is declining overall, and moving away from the poorest countries

Target 8.D: Deal comprehensively with developing countries’ debt

  • Debt service ratios are one quarter of their 2000 level, lightening the financial burden on developing countries
  • Reductions in export earnings have caused debt service ratios of some regions to rise

Target 8.F: In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications

  • Mobile-cellular subscriptions are moving towards saturation levels, and almost 40 per cent of the world’s population are online
  • Broadband is becoming more widely available and affordable, but is still out of reach of many in developing countries

Quick Facts

  • Official development assistance stood at $126 billion in 2012
  • Eighty-three per cent of least developed country exports enter developed countries duty free
  • The debt service of developing countries consumes only 3 per cent of their export revenues
  • In the developing world, 31 per cent of the population use the Internet, compared to 77 per cent of the developed world
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