Millennium Development Report, 2013

Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women

Target 3.A: Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015

  • Steady progress has been made towards equal access of girls and boys to education, but more targeted action is needed in many regions
  • Gender disparities become more marked at higher levels of education, with girls not always at a disadvantage
  • Women are gaining ground in the labour market, though not in all regions and not in all areas of work
  • In every developing region, women tend to hold less secure jobs than men, with fewer social benefits
  • Women are assuming more power in the world’s parliaments, boosted by quota systems
  • Women’s decision-making power at home leaves lots of room for improvement
Quick facts
  • Gender parity is closest to being achieved at the primary level; however, only 2 out of 130 countries have achieved that target at all levels of education
  • Globally, 40 out of 100 wage-earning jobs in the non-agricultural sector are held by women
  • As of 31 January 2013, the average share of women members in parliaments worldwide was just over 20 per cent
Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality

Target 4.A: Reduce by two thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate

  • Big gains have been made in child survival, but efforts must be redoubled to meet the global target
  • Increasingly, child deaths are concentrated in the poorest regions
  • Newborns in their first month of life now account for a growing share of child deaths
  • Meeting the target by 2015 will require greater focus and a renewed commitment to reaching the most vulnerable children
  • Since 2000, measles vaccines have averted over 10 million deaths, but continued progress is uncertain
Quick Facts:
  • Since 1990, the child mortality rate has dropped by 41 per cent; 14,000 fewer children are dying each day
  • Still, 6.9 million children under age five died in 2011—mostly from preventable diseases
  • In sub-Saharan Africa, one in nine children die before age five, more than 16 times the average for developed regions
Goal 5: Improve Maternal Health

Target 5.A: Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio

  • Maternal mortality has declined by nearly half since 1990, but falls far short of the MDG target
  • Nearly 50 million babies worldwide are delivered without skilled care

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