Energy Security In India


India is the fourth largest consumer of energy in the world after USA, China and Russia but it is not endowed with abundant energy resources. It must, therefore, meet its development needs by using all available domestic resources of coal, uranium, oil, hydro and other renewable resources, and supplementing domestic production by imports. High reliance on imported energy is costly given the prevailing energy prices which are not likely to soften; it also impinges adversely on energy security.

Meeting the energy needs of achieving 8 per cent-9 per cent economic growth while also meeting energy requirements of the population at affordable prices therefore presents a major challenge. It calls for a sustained effort at increasing energy efficiency to contain the growth in demand for energy while increasing domestic production as much as possible to keep import dependence at a reasonable level.

Energy security involves ensuring uninterrupted supply of energy to support the economic and commercial activities necessary for sustained economic growth. Energy security is obviously more difficult to ensure if there is large dependence on imported energy. This calls for action in several areas: Domestic Production, Private Investment, Renewable Energy, Storage Capacity

List Of Topics Covered By Ekalavvya

Following is the list of topics on energy security that we have covered:

Role Of Renewable Energy In India’s Energy Demand: Renewable energy has been an important component of India’s energy planning process since quite some time. The importance of renewable energy sources in the transition to a sustainable energy base was recognized in the early 1970s.

Solar Energy In India: According to a report, India needs 3,128 Trillionwatt hour per year (TWH) of electrical energy in the future. This annual need could be met through renewable energy sources alone in the form of solar power, wind and hydroelectric power. But is this change in energy mix really feasible? How significant would it be if India could meet its energy needs using renewable sources?

Renewable Energy: Important Source: Electricity is one of the prime requirements for any country to develop. Without it, infrastructural bottlenecks accentuate, causing hurdles in growth across the board. Industries, Agriculture, services and in fact every walk of life need electricity to move forward

World Energy Scenario And India: The International Energy Agency (IEA) forecasts that world primary energy demand between now and 2030 will increase by 1.5% per year from just over 12,000 million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe) to 16,800 Mtoe- an overall increase of 40%.

Atomic Energy Regulatory Board’s Annual Report 2011-12: The Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL), a public sector undertaking of Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) has the mandate for the design, construction, commissioning and operation of nuclear power reactors.

India’s Energy Mix: Facts & Figures 2012: India’s energy-mix comprises both non-renewable (coal, lignite, petroleum and natural gas) and renewable energy sources (wind, solar, small hydro, biomass, cogeneration bagasse etc).

Strategic Plan: New And Renewable Energy Sector, 2011-17: India is facing huge energy-supply demand balance. More than 50% of the population has little or no commercial energy access for their living and livelihood. 

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